Események


KTI szeminárium – Horváth Gergely

2020.01.30.

Horváth Gergely (International Business School Suzhou, Xi’an Jiaotong Liverpool University.)

Curbing the Consumption of Positional Goods: Behavioral Interventions versus Taxation

Armenak Antinyan, Gergely Horvath and Mofei Jia

Little is known about whether behavioral techniques, such as nudges, can serve as effective policy tools to reduce the consumption of positional goods. We study a game, in which individuals are embedded in a social network and compete for a positional advantage with their direct neighbors by purchasing a positional good. In a series of experiments, we test four policy interventions to curb the consumption of the positional good. We manipulate the type of intervention (either a nudge or a tax) and the number of individuals exposed to the intervention (either the most central network node or the entire network). We illustrate that, if the entire network is exposed to the intervention, both the nudge and the tax can serve as effective policy instruments to combat positional consumption. Nevertheless, taxing or nudging the most central network node does not seem to be equally effective due to the absence of spillover effects from the center to the other nodes. As for the mechanism through which the nudge operates, our findings are consistent with an explanation where nudging increases the psychological cost of the positional consumption.


Helyszín: MTA HTK 1097 Budapest Tóth Kálmán u. 4. fszt. K11-12-es előadóterem

KTI szeminárium - Bíró Anikó, Szabó-Morvai Ágnes - 2020.02.06.

2020.02.06.

 

Bíró Anikó  Szabó-Morvai Ágnes

Mass media coverage and vaccination uptake: evidence from the demand for meningococcal vaccines in Hungary

We estimate the effect of mass media coverage of the meningococcal disease on the uptake of meningococcal vaccinations in Hungary. Our analysis is based on administrative county level data on vaccine purchases, linked to indicators of media coverage of the meningococcal disease and to administrative records of disease incidence. Using geographical and time variations in these indicators, our fixed effects estimates indicate a strong positive effect of mass media coverage of the disease on the rate of vaccination with all types of the meningococcal vaccine. At the same time, we do not find evidence that disease incidence itself would have a positive impact on vaccination. These findings are broadly in line with imperfect information and the principles of bounded rationality, and highlight the responsibility of mass media in influencing health related behaviours.


Helyszín: MTA HTK 1097 Budapest Tóth Kálmán u. 4. fszt. K 11-12-es előadóterem

A hulladékgazdálkodás helyzete Győr és agglomerációjában a számok tükrében

2020.02.20.

Kedves Kolléga!

Szeretettel várjuk a Magyar Urbanisztikai Társaság Győr-Moson-Sopron megyei csoportjának és a KRTK RKI Nyugat-magyarországi Tudományos Osztály soron következő Smart City rendezvénysorozatának beszélgetéssel és bemutatóval egybekötött előadására!

 

Előadó

Koronika Tamás

cégvezető

Győri Hulladékgazdálkodási Nonprofit Kft.

 

A hulladékgazdálkodás helyzete Győr és agglomerációjában a számok tükrében

 

 Kérem, hogy a részvételi szándékát legkésőbb 2020. február 18-ig jelezze az alábbi oldalon!

 

Üdvözlettel: 

 

             Dr. Lados Mihály                            Dr. Jóna László

MUT Győr-Moson-Sopron megyei csoport,   MUT Győr-Moson-Sopron megyei csoport, 

                                             elnök                               titkár


Helyszín: KRTK RKI Nyugat-magyarországi Tudományos Osztály 9022 Győr, Liszt Ferenc utca 10.

Parenting and the State: State intervention in the age of the family

2020.05.14. - 2020.05.15.

Call for papers

We are inviting abstract submissions for a two-day workshop, which will discuss current instances, forms and results of state interference into parenting.

Theme of the workshop

During the past decades childhood and child raising have become increasingly debated public issues, with the appearance of an unprecedented array of experts seeking to give advice and interfere into what most people consider their private affairs. In many instances it has also led to intensified state intercessions, such as Family Intervention Projects, restrictions on home or alternative education, or pregnancy policing. States can influence parenting practices and norms through various channels: (1) policies and regulations (family support schemes, regulations on education, health care policies, etc.), (2) institutions (such as school, medical services, child protection), and (3) the everyday practices of state officials or civil servants (teachers, welfare workers, medical practitioners, nurses/health care visitors) as they interact with parents. These state practices are highly normative, seeking to determine the “best” ways of child-rearing, which reflects dominant social (often middle class and ‘white’) values. Delineating “good” parental practices from “bad” ones have important consequences for families of particular ethnic or social backgrounds in terms of social acceptance and belonging, thus strengthening lines of exclusion, marginalization and deservedness.

Undoubtedly, interest in children, and thereby influencing parental practices, have been a concern of nation-states from their very birth as a crucial aspect of ensuring the “proper” upbringing of the next generation of “good” citizens. However, the content, form, aims and consequences of such interference are culturally and historically specific and are strongly informed by broader political, economic and social processes. The workshop thus seeks to discuss novel forms of such interventions that are specifically linked to recent, globally relevant processes. 

Whereas public discourse is usually remorse about the constant weakening of the family as an institution, there has been a rising political interest in “the family” amongst right-wing political forces in many countries. Whilst in rhetoric this is often linked to worries about population change or decline in religious “traditional” values, it often materializes in measures that promotes particular (mainstream middle class) family ideals while stigmatizing others, and gives ways to increased monitoring and interventions into the lives of marginalized poor families especially. This goes hand in hand with crucial cultural transformations of child-rearing in the 2000s, with a new parenting culture becoming globally significant, although in different degrees and forms. Increased risk consciousness, the scientification of parenting and a shift of focus from children to parents’ behavior  have led to the “responsibilization” of parents. The latter are increasingly conceived as incompetent (regardless of socio-economic status), therefore in need of expert advise and assistance in even the most minute aspects of child rearing, such as feeding, sleep and play. Such parental determinism and the omnipotence of medical and psychological knowledge from which it emerges dovetails with the individualization of social problems under neoliberal governance. Parents and parenting are held solely responsible for social ills, while the scientific language closes off any discussion of structural social problems. Thus constructs of “good” and “bad” parents are utilized to legitimate both increased surveillance into family life and the retrenchment of welfare, often under the aegis of social investment and early prevention programmes.

These processes, amongst others, lead to the ongoing:

 ·       reconfiguration of the roles of different institutions in the up-bringing of the next generation of citizens

 ·         transformation of relationships of various institutions with parents (of different ethnic and social background)

 ·         novel collisions or cooperations between the newly appearing experts and more long-established professionals (usually civil servants)

 ·         renegotiation of responsibilities, rights and duties of both the state and citizens.

The workshop seeks to establish the novel instances, character and results of such state interference into parenting, which are linked to the above global political, economic and social tendencies.

We are looking for contributions which discuss:

 (a) policies, discourses, or everyday interactions and practices through which different states seek to influence parenting

(b) analyze the socio-political consequences of such interference

(c) examine the ways parents negotiate their child raising practices, rights and responsibilities vis-a-vis these state practices.

We invite abstract submissions that address these themes from different disciplinary perspectives in the social sciences (with a particular preference for ethnographically grounded research) and with regard to particular institutional settings and the contexts in which they are embedded.

Application details:

Interested participants should send to the organizers:

-          their abstract (max. 300 words)

-          name

-          paper title

-          short bio-note

Deadline: 31 January 2020.

We are able to offer subsidies to cover travel and accommodation costs (up to 300 Euro). Please indicate if you would like to avail this option. 

Organizers:

Alexandra Szőke  (Centre for Economic and Regional Studies), szoke.alexandra@krtk.mta.hu

Cecília Kovai  (Centre for Economic and Regional Studies),kovaicili@gmail.com

 

 


Helyszín: MTA Humán Tudományok Kutatóháza (Budapest 1097, Tóth Kálmán u. 4.)

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