Events


MTA KRTK KTI szeminárium

01/11/2018

Elek Péter
The closer the better: does better access to outpatient care prevent hospitalization?
/Péter Elek – Tamás Molnár – Balázs Váradi/

In 2010-2012 new outpatient service locations were established in poor Hungarian microregions. We exploit this quasi-experiment to estimate the extent of substitution between outpatient and inpatient care. Fixed-effects Poisson models on individual-level panel data for years 2008-2015 show that the number of outpatient visits increased by 19% and the number of inpatient stays decreased by 1.6% as a result, driven by a marked reduction of potentially avoidable hospitalization (PAH) (5%). In our dynamic specification, PAH effects occur in the year after the treatment, whereas non-PAH only decreases with a multi-year lag. The instrumental variable estimates suggest that a unit increase in outpatient care expenditures produces a 0.6 unit decrease in inpatient care expenditures. Our results (1) strengthen the claim that bringing outpatient care closer to a previously underserved population yields considerable health benefits, and (2) suggest that there is a strong substitution element between outpatient and inpatient care.


Helyszín: MTA Humán Tudományok Kutatóháza, Budapest, Tóth Kálmán utca 4. fszt. K13.

Economics with policy - International seminar series

01/25/2018

Lecture:

Armando Rungi (IMT Lucca): Global ownership and corporate control networks

Abstract: In this contribution, at first, we introduce a basic network framework to study pyramidal structures and wedges between ownership and control of companies. Then, we apply it to a dataset of 53.5 million of companies operating in 208 countries. Among others, we detect a strong concentration of corporate power, as less than 1% of parent companies collect more than 100 subsidiaries, but they are responsible for more than 50% of global sales. Therefore, we show that the role of indirect control, i.e., through middlemen subsidiaries, is relevant in 15% of domestic and 54% of foreign subsidiaries. Among foreign companies, cases emerge of blurring nationality, when control paths cross more than one national border, in the presence of multiple passports (19.1%), indirectly foreign (24.5%), and round-tripping subsidiaries (1.33%). Finally, we relate indirect control strategies to country indicators of the institutional environment. We find that pyramidal structures arise less likely in the presence of good financial and contractual institutions in the parent's country, as these foster more transparent forms of corporate governance. Instead, parent companies choose indirect control through countries that have better financial institutions, possibly because it is easier to coordinate decisions from remote. Finally, we find that offshore financial centers are preferred jurisdictions for middlemen subsidiaries, probably due to a lower taxation and a lack of financial disclosure.


Helyszín: MTA Research House, conference room nr. K13, ground floor, 4 Tóth Kálmán street, 1097 Budapest

Economics with policy - international seminar series organized by the Centre for Economic and Regional Studies

A monthly event, it features the presentation of an academic paper and a shortdiscussion. In this seminar, papers will be presented on diverse topics from international trade, regional development, competition, game theory to labor markets or education. A one hour presentation will be followed by a moderated policy discussion where the author and the moderator will discuss the policy relevant conclusions and potential applications in the European Union and Hungary.

Territorial Cohesion in Europe - International Conference for the 70th Anniversary of the Transdanubian Research Institute

The Transdanubian Research Institute (recently Department) of the Centre for Economic and Regional Studies Institute for Regional Studies will celebrate the 70th anniversary of its foundation in the year 2013.

Our heartfelt congratulations and best wishes to Professor János Kornai

... on the occasion of his 85th birthday.

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Statement of solidarity with Central European University

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